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Tag: robin hood hashing

I Wrote The Fastest Hashtable

I had to get there eventually. I had a blog post called “I Wrote a Fast Hashtable” and another blog post called “I Wrote a Faster Hashtable.” Now I finally wrote the fastest hashtable. And by that I mean that I have the fastest lookups of any hashtable I could find, while my inserts and erases are also really fast. (but not the fastest)

The trick is to use Robin Hood hashing with an upper limit on the number of probes. If an element has to be more than X positions away from its ideal position, you grow the table and hope that with a bigger table every element can be close to where it wants to be. Turns out that this works really well. X can be relatively small which allows some nice optimizations for the inner loop of a hashtable lookup.

If you just want to try it, here is a download link. Or scroll down to the bottom of the blog post to the section “Source Code and Usage.” If you want more details read on.

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I Wrote a Faster Hash Table

edit: turns out you can get an even faster hash table by using this allocator with boost::multi_index. I now recommend that solution over the hash table from the post below. But anyway here is the original post:

This is a follow up post to “I Wrote a Fast Hash Table.

And I’ll start off with a download link.

I’ve spent some time optimizing my sherwood_map implementation and now it is faster than boost::unordered_map and boost::multi_index. Which is what I would have expected from my first implementation, but it turns out that those containers are pretty damn fast.

If you don’t know what Robin Hood Linear Probing is I would encourage you to read the previous post and the post that I linked to from that one. With that said let’s talk about details.

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I Wrote a Fast Hash Table

As others have pointed out, Robin Hood Hashing should be your default hash table implementation. Unfortunately I couldn’t find a hashtable on the internet that uses robin hood hashing while offering a STL-style interface. I know that some people don’t like the STL but I’ve found that those people tend to write poorer interfaces. So I learn from that by not trying to invent my own interface. You can use this hash table as a replacement for std::unordered_map and you will get a speedup in most cases.

In order to reduce name conflicts I call it sherwood_map, because Robin Hood Hashing.

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